October 2023

Causes and Risk Factors of Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are common injuries that can occur during various activities in everyday life. Ankle sprains can be caused by walking on uneven terrain or engaging in sports that involve rapid changes in direction or sudden stops, starts, and pivots.  A sprain can also be caused by falling while keeping the foot planted on the ground. This exerts sudden and excessive force on the ankle, causing it to twist. Choice of footwear can play a role in ankle health. Wearing high-heeled or unsupportive shoes can increase the risk of instability and make ankle sprains more likely. A history of ankle sprains is a significant risk factor. If a previous ankle injury was not effectively rehabilitated, weakened ligaments may not provide the support they once did, increasing the risk of reinjury. Symptoms of a sprained ankle include immediate pain, swelling, discoloration, or bruising around the sprained area. Additionally, weakness can make it challenging or impossible to bear weight. In severe cases where ankle ligaments are torn, you may feel a popping or snapping sensation during the sprain. If you suspect you have sprained your ankle, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist as quickly as possible following the injury.

Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Kaveh Panahi, DPM from Acacia Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Pain at the sight of the tear
  • Bruising/Swelling
  • Ankle area is tender to touch
  • In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Peoria, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Three Grades of Ankle Sprains

Rock Climbing and the Feet

Rock climbing can be an exhilarating activity for some, but it can also result in foot and ankle injuries. Falls are a significant cause of these injuries, with wall collisions and ground falls leading to various issues, including fractures and sprains. Climbing shoes, important for performance, can exacerbate foot problems. Wearing shoes that are smaller than street shoes can lead to acute foot pain in climbers and restriction of blood vessels that can cause numbness. Additionally, nail diseases may occur due to the moist environment inside the shoes. Ankle sprains are also common due to the foot's position in climbing shoes. To minimize these risks, it is necessary for climbers to choose the right shoe size, avoid overly aggressive shoes when unnecessary, and take breaks between climbs. It is also beneficial to clean feet post-climbing, and massage feet regularly. If you are a rock climber or thinking of participating in this sport, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for additional tips on how to care for your feet to ensure a healthy and enjoyable climbing experience.

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Kaveh Panahi, DPM of Acacia Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Peoria, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Weight and Foot Problems

Many people are considered to be overweight or obese, which can negatively impact the feet in various ways. Carrying excess weight increases the load on the feet during weight bearing activities, and can lead to pain and injuries that discourage physical activity. Additionally, obesity may raise the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, which can harm peripheral circulation and nerve supply in the feet. This issue is not limited to adults. Childhood obesity is a growing concern, with structural and functional changes in the feet that can affect a child's current well being and may persist into adulthood. Common foot complaints related to increased weight include non specific foot pain, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, and osteoarthritis. It is important to remember that obesity is a complex issue with various contributing factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and environmental influences. Blaming or stigmatizing individuals for their weight can be counterproductive and harmful. Instead, offering support, encouragement, and resources for maintaining a healthy lifestyle can be more effective in addressing both obesity and its related health concerns, including foot problems. If you are overweight and are experiencing foot consequences, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a compassionate podiatrist who can provide you with help in living a healthier lifestyle and relieving your foot pain.

The more you weigh, the harder your feet must work to support your body. If you’re an obese individual and are concerned about your feet, contact Kaveh Panahi, DPM from Acacia Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Obesity and Your Feet

People who are overweight are putting more pressure on their ankles, knees, and hips as well as their feet. This unfortunately can lead to variety of different issues.

Problems & Complications Stemming from Obesity

  • When the body is overweight, it tries to compensate by changing the way that it moves. An obese person may lean forward and put extra weight on the wrong part of the foot. This puts unnecessary stress on the feet.
  • Obese people are also more likely to develop type II diabetes which is a condition that causes a lot of foot problems. People with diabetes often don’t feel the cuts and sores that they may have on their feet, which can lead to more complicated and severe issues.
  • Plantar fasciitis is another foot condition that can be caused by obesity. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the tissue along the bottom of the foot, which causes pain and stiffness while walking and climbing stairs.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Peoria, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How Obesity Affects Your Feet

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Alternative Therapies for Non-Healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Maggot therapy, also known as Maggot Debridement Therapy, MDT, or Larval therapy, has a long history in medicine and has gained recent recognition for its unique ability to save limbs. This biotherapy involves placing disinfected maggots, often the larvae of the greenbottle blowfly, on wounds, such as diabetic foot ulcers, to debride necrotic tissues. It is particularly effective when antibiotics fail to combat bacterial infections in non-healing wounds, potentially preventing limb amputations. Maggots work by secreting special enzymes, which break down necrotic tissue, making it easier to digest and absorb. They also produce antibiotic-like agents and release ammonia to inhibit bacterial growth in the wound. Administration involves placing sterile maggots within a dressing on the wound for 48 to 72 hours. This therapy has broad applications, including diabetic ulcers, vascular ulcers, pressure ulcers, and even malignant wounds. Studies have shown that maggot therapy accelerates wound healing, reduces necrotic tissue, and decreases wound odor. While this therapy is highly effective, it should not be used for wounds near vital organs or blood vessels and in septic patients. Additional research can further expand the applications of this therapy, however, it saves 40 to 50 percent of limbs when used as a last resort. If you have a non-healing diabetic foot wound and would like alternative treatments for healing, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to discuss this further.

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Kaveh Panahi, DPM from Acacia Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Peoria, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Wound Care

Gout and Diet

Gout is a painful form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints, most commonly affecting the big toe. While several factors contribute to gout, diet plays a significant role in triggering and exacerbating the condition. Uric acid, a byproduct of purine metabolism, can build up when the body produces too much or eliminates too little of it. Certain foods high in purines can trigger gout attacks. These can include red meat, organ meats, shellfish, and certain types of fish, such as mackerel and sardines. High fructose corn syrup, commonly found in sugary beverages, has also been linked to gout. Alcohol, especially beer and spirits, can elevate uric acid levels and increase the risk of flare-ups. To help manage gout, limit purine-rich foods and maintain a balanced diet. Staying hydrated and incorporating fruits and vegetables can help lower uric acid levels and reduce the frequency and severity of gout episodes. If you have had one or more gout attacks, it is strongly suggested that you consult a podiatrist for recommended foods that can help prevent gout.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Kaveh Panahi, DPM from Acacia Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Peoria, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
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